Fountain Tip Pens

A fountain pen is a pen that contains a reservoir of water-based liquid ink. The ink is fed to the nib through a "feed" via a combination of gravity and capillary action. Filling the fountain pen reservoir with ink involves replacing a disposable ink cartridge, filling a removable reservoir with a screw or piston mechanism (commonly called a converter in the case of a cartridge-based pen), or using one of a variety of internal mechanisms which suck ink into the reservoir from a bottle through the nib. Older pens had an internal rubber sac which was squeezed and released to create the suction needed.

The nib of the fountain pen was introduced by the German inventor Friedrich Soennecken. Today, the nib is usually made of stainless steel or gold, with the most popular gold content being 14 karat and 18 karat. Gold is considered the optimum metal for its flexibility and its resistance to corrosion, since fountain pen inks tend to be somewhat alkaline. Gold nibs are tipped with a hard, wear-resistant alloy that typically uses metals from the platinum group.

The main reasons people seek fountain pens in recent times are for: effortless writing and comfort (some sufferers of arthritis are unable to use ballpoint pens, but can use fountain pens), expressive penmanship and calligraphy, longevity (fountain pens are known to last several lifetimes, whereas ballpoints are disposable), professional art/design, wide range of ink colours available, recreational collecting (history and heritage), and academic benefits. Many users also mention that fountain pens retain a sense of timeless elegance, personalization and sentimentality that computers and ballpoint pens seem to lack, and often state that once they start using fountain pens, ballpoints become awkward to use due to the extra motor effort needed and lack of expressiveness.

Fountain Pens and Roller Ball Pens are more secure. Their ink is water based and can not be chemically removed in the process of Check Washing.

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